THE TABERNACLE STUDY GUIDE

NOTES AND STUDY GUIDE FOR STUDENTS AND TEACHERS

 The Tabernacle in the Wilderness:  Its Priesthood and Sacrifices

P. 1 These Tabernacle accompanying  notes are not copyrighted and were donated to us to be freely used for God's glory worldwide.

 

P. 2  And the Lord said unto Moses, Come up to Me into the mountain, etc.  (Ex. 24:12-18)

1.  Given by God. (Ex. 24:12)

2.  Mans wisdom is not consulted.  (Ex. 25:9, 1 Cor. 1:21, 26-31, Matt. 11:25)

3.  Given to Israel.   A chosen people.  (Deut. 7: 1-7)

A redeemed people. (Deut. 7:8, Ex 12:12-13, 26-28)

A sheltered people.  (Ex. 13: 21-22, Num. 10: 34, Psalm 105:39)

 

P. 3  Speak unto the children of Israel, that they bring me an offering.  (Ex. 25:2)

1.  Law shuts the sinner out from God.  (Ex. 19:8-13, 21-24)

2.  Grace invites the sinner to come nigh to God. (Isa. 45:22, Matt. 11:28-30, Eph. 2:8-9)

3.  Willingly. (v. 2) Gods salvation is not forced upon man.  Whosoever will may come.

(John 3:16, Rev. 22:17, Isa. 1:18-19)

 

P. 4  And let them make Me a sanctuary that I may dwell among them. (Ex. 25:8)

1.  Gods dwelling place on earth. (Prov. 8:31)

A.  Only on the ground of a blood sprinkled mercy seat. (Ex. 25:22, Lev. 16:15-

16, Lev. 17: 11)

B.  Gods dwelling on earth now. (1 Cor. 1:2, 3:16, 6:19-20, Eph. 2:21-22)

2.  Israel encamped.

A.  God is perfect in order.  Nothing is left to chance.  (Num. 2 & 3, Mark 6:39-40)

3.  A pattern of things in heaven. (Ex. 25:9, 40, Heb. 9:23-24)

4.  A shadow of heavenly things. (Heb. 8:5, Heb. 10:1)

 

P. 5  I have called by name Bezaleel- and I have filled him with the Spirit of God in wisdom, etc. (Ex. 31:1-5; 36:1-6; 37:1; 38:22)

1.  Bezaleel - Type of Christ. Filled with the Spirit of God. (Isa. 11:2)

2.  To work in all manner of workmanship. (John 1:3) Gold - Deity (John 14:11) Silver

Redemption (John 10:17-18) Brass – Judgment (John 5:22-27) Stones - Believers

(1 Pet. 2:5) Carving of timber Stately trees brought low (Psalm 29:5-6, 2 Kings 5:1-14,

John 3:1-3, Luke 1:52, Phil. 2:13)

3.  His companions - True believers as laborers together with Christ. (1 Cor. 3:9)

4.  The Blueprints - God's Word. (Ex. 31:11 (last part); Ex. 25:9)


 

 

 

P. 6  And they shall make an ark, etc.  (Ex. 25:10-22)

1.  A perfect symbol of our Lord Jesus Christ as the enthronement of God in humanity.

(Haldeman)

2.  Shittim Wood - His human nature. (John 1:14)

3.  Gold within and without - His Divine nature. (John 1:1; Col. 1:19, Col. 2:3, 9)

4.  Staves - not to be removed. (v. 13-15) His pilgrim character. (Matt. 8:20, John 8:1)

5.  Contained commandments written with finger of God on tables of stone. (v. 16,

John 12:49-53; John 15:10, John 14:31)

A.  Sinful man dare not look upon them. (1 Sam. 6:19-20, Ezek. 18:4)

6.  A mercy seat of pure gold. (v. 17)

A.  Blood sprinkled - Where God and sinner meet. (v. 21-22; Lev. 16:15-16)

B.  Blood stained Calvary is the one and only place where God will meet a sinner. (John 3:14-16; Acts 4:10-12; Heb. 9:22)

7.  Two Cherubim. (v. 18-22, compare Gen. 3:23-24)

A.  They guard the holiness of God against the presumptuous pride of sinful man,

who would dare to approach God by any other means than the blood sprinkled mercy seat.  (Lev. 16:2-14)

B.  The publican's prayer was: "God be to me the blood stained mercy seat." (Luke 18:9-14)

 

P. 7  Thou shalt make a table of shew bread from shittim wood, etc. (Ex. 25:23-30)

1.  Symbolic of Christ the bread of life for His people. (John 6:33-35)

2.  Pure Gold - Divine Glory; shittim wood His humanity.

3.  Two crowns - crowned by God and crowned by His redeemed.

4.  Hand breadth round about. (v. 25)

A.  Nothing to fall to the ground to be trampled under foot.

B.  No truth regarding Christ is to be considered of small value.

5.  Four rings at four corners.  Christ for the whole world. (John 6:51)

 

P. 8  And thou shalt make a Candlestick of pure gold. (Ex. 25:31-40)

1.  Pure Gold - Divine nature. I am the light of the world. (John 8:12)

2.  Of beaten work (v. 31) a talent of pure gold (v. 39)

A.  Hammered by large and small hammers until it branched, budded and

blossomed, (v. 32-36, Heb. 2:10; 4:15)

B.  Gold was just as pure before the hammers began their work, as when formed

into a candlestick. (Heb. 13:8)

3.  In Holy place. (Ex. 40:24)

A.  Light of nature excluded. (1 Cor. 2:14-15)

B.  A constant reminder to God's people that they can only fulfill the services of

God as they walk in His light. (Psalm 27:1, Ex. 27:20-21, 1 John 1:6-7)

4.  Seven lights. (v. 37)

A.  Seven-fold work of God the Holy Spirit. (Isa. 11:2)

5.  Tongs and Snuff Dishes. (v. 38)

A.  Nothing must be allowed to dim His glory or darken the path of those who serve.


 

 

P. 9  Pure Gold - Divine nature - Deity in Manifestation. (Ex. 25:3, 11, 24, 31-40)

1. There was no gold in the outer court no man hath seen God (Jn. 1:18)

2. The holy place furnishings were overlaid with Gold only seen by faith from outside the holy place (1 Cor. 5:7)

3. Mere gold was corruptible (1 Pet. 1:18) The divine nature is eternal (Heb. 1:8)

4. Tools which shaped the gold Jesus learned obedience through the things He suffered

(Heb. 2:10, 4:15, 5:8)

5. Of beaten work (v. 31) a talent of pure gold (v.39)

A. Hammered by large and small hammers until it branched, budded and blossomed. (v. 32-36, Heb. 2:10; 4:15)

B. Gold was just as pure before the hammers began their work, as when formed into a candlestick. (Heb. 13:8)

 

P. 10 Moreover thou shalt make the Tabernacle with ten curtains, etc. (Ex. 26:1-14)

1.  Fine twined linen, speaks of our Lord's spotless humanity. (1 John 3:5)

2.  Blue - His heavenly origin. (John 3:13, 31)

3.  Purple - Royal son of David. (Luke 1:31-33)

4.  Scarlet - Blood Sacrifice. (Matt. 20:28; 26:28)

5.  Cherubim - God's holiness in Christ. (Gen. 3:23-24)

A.  Seen only by the priests in the lights from the candlestick. (1 Cor. 2:9-14)

6.  Goat's Hair. (v. 7) (Christ as sin offering) A.  Unseen by outsider.

B.  Seen only by the eye of faith. (Lev. 16:15; Isa. 53:10; Heb. 9:26)

7.  Ram's skins dyed red. (v. 14) (Christ as the burnt offering)(Gen. 22:13)

A.  Complete surrender to His Father seen only by the eye of faith. (Gen. 22:9-13)

8.  Badger's skin. (v. 14) (No beauty that we should desire Him) (Isa. 53:2)

A.  Seen by natural eye.

B.  Covering His glory and wealth. (Col. 1:19; 2:3, 9)

 

P. 11 And thou shalt make boards  for the Tabernacle of shittim wood standing  up. (Ex. 26:15-30)

1.  One against another. (v. 17)

A.  Once they were mighty trees, cut down and hewn. (Lk. 18:14, Rom. 6:5-10, Phil. 3:4-10)(Gal. 2:20)

B.  God's redeemed stand together in the unity of the Holy Spirit. (1 Cor. 12:12-18, Eph 4:3-13)(Ps. 133:1)

2.  Sockets of silver. (v. 19)(Silver, a symbol of redemption)(1 Pet. 1:18) A.  Standing on Christ's redemptive work. (1 Cor. 3:11, Rev. 1:5)

B.  All stand on the same foundation. (Ex. 30:15)

C.  Two tenons - both feet firmly planted on Christ's blood sacrifice (Gal. 1:6-9,

Col. 1:14, 23)

3.  Five bars of shittim wood. (v. 26-28)

A.  Five - made to stand by the grace of God (Eph. 2:8-10, Titus 2:11-12)

B.  Four bars - the worldwide means which God has provided for the building up

of the body of Christ. (Eph 4:11-14)

C.  One bar in the midst of the boards. (v. 28, Matt. 18:20)


 

 

D.  And thou shalt overlay the boards with gold. (v. 29) Sharing His glory. (John 17:22)

E.  And thou shalt rear up the tabernacle. (v. 30, Eph. 2:21-22)

 

P. 12 And thou shalt make a veil of blue, etc. (Ex. 26:31-35)

1.  The veil is a type of Christ's flesh. (Heb. 10:19-20, Heb. 9:7-14, Matt. 27:50-51)

2.  The veil barred the way into the presence of God, except to the High Priest who once a year could enter with blood. (Lev. 16:2-15)

3.  To admire the veil and its cunning workmanship did not give entrance. (Heb. 9:7) (Admiring the person of Christ will not save)

4.  Cherubim - probably four. (Ezek. 1:10)

A.  The Holy One of God in human form as revealed in the four gospels.

Matt. - The King - Lion                                  Mark - The Servant - Ox

Luke - Son of Man - Man                               John - Son of God - Eagle

5.  Colors. (See P. 10)

6.  Four Pillars. (v. 32)

A.  Christ is made unto us wisdom, righteousness, sanctification and redemption. (1 Cor. 1:30)

 

P. 13 And thou shalt make an hanging for the door of the tent.  (Ex. 26: 36-37)

1.  Colors. (See P. 10)

2.  Five Pillars.

A.  Christ as wonderful, counselor, Mighty God, The Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.  (Isa. 9:6)

 

P. 14 Holy Place with furniture.

1. This view shows the three items of furniture inside the Holy Place.

A. The Golden Candlestick (for light in the Holy Place, Christ the light of the world.)

B. The Altar of Incense (for Incense speaks of Christs intercessory work for us.) C. The Table of Shewbread (for loaves of unleavened bread food for the priests,

speaks of Christ the bread of life.).

 

P. 15 And thou shalt make an altar  of shittim wood (Ex. 27:1-8) (The Brazen Altar in the

Outer Court)

1.  Shittim wood - His humanity.

2.  Brass - Divine Judgment.

3.  No Gold.

4.  Five cubits. (v. 1) Divine grace to sinful man flows from Calvary.

A. Length and breadth the same Foursquare Gods grace to all the world.

5.  Higher than the Mercy Seat. (Three Cubits)

A.  No approach to God's throne except through the sacrifice of Calvary.

B.  God has placed the blood sacrifice of Calvary above His throne. (Rev. 5:6-13)

C.  Calvary meets every righteous demand of God's throne, and gives access to the presence and heart of God. (Rev. 5:1-7, Heb. 12:22-29)

6.  No stepping stones up to the altar, easy of access.  Whosoever will may come.

7.  Word "His" used seven times - foreshadowing Christ's perfect work on Calvary.


 

 

(Heb. 9:11-12; 10:14)

8.  Altar means lifted up - There is life for a look at the Crucified One. (Jn. 3:14; 8:28;

12:32-34)

9.  Made by the hands of man, but by Divine appointment.

A.  Christ was crucified by hands of man but delivered by the determinate counsel and foreknowledge of God. (Acts 2:23, John 19:11)

10.  Four horns on four corners. (v. 2) - The worldwide sufficiency of His sacrifice.  (John 3:16,

2 Cor. 5:18-19)

11.  His pans, etc. (v. 3)  As Jehovah's servant all His service was rendered in view of His complete sacrifice on Calvary.

12.  Grate of Network. (v. 4, 5)  In the midst of the altar hanging between Heaven and Earth.

A.  Christ crucified is the only mediator between God and man.  He fully satisfied God

and fully satisfies all who accept Him. (1 Tim. 2:5, 1 John 2:1-2)

13.  Staves - to bear it. (v. 6) Carried by Priests.

A. The pilgrim character of Christ and His followers. (1st Pet. 2:11)(Heb. 13:14)

B. Believer Priests Commission is Go ye into all the world, etc. (Matt. 28:19, 20)

14.  Hollow with boards. (v. 8)  Christ filleth all things. (Eph. 1:22-23)

15.  Its position - At the door of the court. (John 10:9, 14:6)

16.  The hiding of His power. (Hab. 3:4, Heb. 1:3, 1 Sam. 17:40, Rom. 1:16)

 

Five bleeding wounds He bears, received on Calvary, They pour effectual prayers, they strongly plead for me,

Forgive him O forgive they cry, nor let that ransomed sinner die!

Nor let that ransomed sinner die!"

 

P.16 And thou shalt make the court of the tabernacle, etc.  (Ex. 27:9-19)

1.  Fine twined linen. (v. 9) Righteousness. (Rev. 19:8)

A.  Christ's righteousness manifested in His saints. (1 Cor. 1:30; Rom. 8:4)

2.  Five cubits high. (over 7 ft.)(v. 18)

A.  It hid the glories of the tabernacle from those outside. (2 Cor. 3:18)

B.  Natural man cannot see beyond the hanging of court. (1 Cor. 2:9-14)

3.  Sixty pillars. (v. 10, 13) Individual believers.

4.  Brass sockets. (v. 17)(brass speaks of judgment)

A.  Believers stand upon the fact that their sins are judged at Calvary.

(John 5:24, Rom. 3:21-28, 5:6-9)

B.  Believers must constantly judge themselves in the light of God's Word.

(1 Cor. 11:31-32)

C.  If one pillar fails to stand straight in socket, the hangings sag bringing

reproach to Christ and sorrow to His people. (Phil. 2:12-16)

5.  Filleted with silver. (v. 17)(silver speaks of redemption)

A.  Salvation is of the Lord. (from above) (Eph. 6:17)

6.  Hooks of silver. (v. 17)

A.  It is not our own righteousness but by virtue of Christ's redemptive work, that we are clothed in His righteousness. (Titus 3:5, Rom. 3:21-22)

 

"My Hope is Built on Nothing Less,


 

 

Than Jesus' Blood and Righteousness"

 

7.  The Gate of the Court. (v. 16) Only one entrance. (John 10:9, 14:6, Acts 4:12) A.  First to meet the eye is the brazen altar.

B.  Christ is not the door apart from His blood sacrifice on Calvary. (Jn. 10:11)

8.  Four Pillars. (v. 16)

A.  Christ in the four Gospels.

B.  Twenty Cubits. (v. 16) Wide enough for all who will enter. (Jn. 4:14)

9.  Blue, Purple, Scarlet, Fine twined linen - wrought with needlework. (v. 16)

A.  Cannot accept the blue (His Heavenly nature), and reject the scarlet (His

redemptive work)  All or none. (Col. 2:9-10)

 

P. 17 Pure oil olive beaten for the light. (Ex. 27:20-21)

1.  Oil symbol of Holy Spirit. (John 3:34, Heb. 1:9)

2.  BeatenSuffering through the Spirit. (Isa. 53:2-5, Heb. 9:14)

3.  To light the path of the priests as they served in the Holy place. (1 John 1:5-7, 1 Pet. 2:9)

 

P. 18 Take unto thee Aaron thy brother, and his sons with himthat he may minister unto

Me in the priest’s office. (Ex. 28:1)

1.  Called, chosen, and ordained of God. (Heb. 5:1-10, John 15:16)

2.  Minister unto Me.

A.  This is of primary importance, secret of successful ministry—God first, man second

(John 6:38, Eph. 6:6)

3 .Aaron and his sonsA priestly family in earthly things.

A.  Christ and HisA priestly family in Heavenly things (2 Cor. 10:3-4, Eph. 6:12,

1 Pet. 2:9, Rev. 1:5-6, Phil. 3:20-21)

4. AaronType of Christ. (v. 2-3)

A.  Only Aaron could atone (Heb. 9:7) Only Christ could atone for us (Heb 9:11-12)

B.  Sons were priests under Aaron.  Believers are priests under Christ (2 Cor. 6:1, Rev. 1:5-6)

5.  Five speaks of Divine GraceFour of world-wide ministry (Acts 1:8, Mark 16:15, Rev. 5:9-10)

 

P. 19 And thou shalt make holy garments for Aaron thy brother for glory and for beauty. (Ex. 28:2-14, Ex. 39)

1.  As the high priest is a type of Christ, so his garments typify his character and work.

(v. 2)

2.  Aaron ministered under the law which was condemnation.  Christ met every righteous

demand of the law, and now ministers by His Holy Spirit through grace unto salvation. (Rom. 10:4, 2 Cor. 3:7-8)

3.  The ministration of grace exceeds in glory the ministration of law. (2 Cor. 3:9-11)

4.  Aaronic priesthood in contrast to the priesthood of Christ.

A.  Aaron ministered in earthly things. (Heb. 9:23) Christ ministers in heavenly things. (Heb. 9:24)

B.  Aaron offered blood of beasts. (Heb. 9:7) Christ offered His blood. (Heb. 9:11-12)


 

 

C.  Aaron enters Holy place once a year. (Heb. 9:7)

Christ entered but once into Holy place (Heaven itself) (Heb. 9:12)

D.  Aaron sprinkled an earthly mercy seat. (Lev. 16:14) Christ a heavenly mercy seat. (Heb. 9:12, 23, 24)

E.  Aarons priesthood is limited and changeable on account of death. (Heb. 7:23) Christs priesthood unlimited and unchangeable, for He ever liveth. (Heb. 7:24)

F.  Aaron as High Priest offering blood of others could never take away sin. (Heb. 10:4, 11)

Christ by offering His own blood took away all our sin. (Heb. 10:12)

G.  Aaron could make nothing perfect. (Heb. 7:11) Christ by one offering perfects

forever all who are set apart for God. (sanctified) (Heb. 10:14)

5.  And they shall make the ephod of gold, etc. (v. 6)

A.  Colors interwoven with cunning work—The Holy Spirit brought about that glorious interwoven union of Christs two natures.  God and man.  Illustrate

at the grave of Lazarus, as man He weeps, as God He commands. (On the sea of Galilee, as man He sleeps -- as God He controls the waves.)

6. Curious Girdle. (v. 8) (Service)

A.  Girded with power to serve. (Psalm 18:39)

B.  No one ever served like Jesus did. (Mark 10:45, John 13:4-5, Isa. 52:13)

 

P. 20 And thou shalt take two onyx stones, etc. (Ex. 28:9-29)

1.  Engraven names. (v. 9)

A.  Nothing can erase. (Isa. 49:15-16, John 10:27-29)

2.  Secured on Shoulders. (v. 12)

A.  Christs one shoulder is enough to uphold all government. (Isa. 9:6)

B.  He places His redeemed upon His two shoulders. (Luke 15:5, 1 Pet. 1:5)

3.  The Breast Plate. (v. 15-29)

A.  Aaron bore the names of the children of Israel upon his breast as he went into

the presence of God. (v. 29)

B.  Jesus our High Priest bears our names on His heart constantly before His Father.

(Heb. 7:25)

C.  Upheld by His strength and His love (His shoulders and His breast)(v. 25, 29)

4.  The Holy Crown. (v. 36-38)

A.  God can only be satisfied with the devotion of the whole man, body, soul and

spirit to Himself. (Rom. 12:1-2)

B.  In this as in all things Jesus fully satisfied His Father. (Matt. 3:17)

 

P. 21 And thou shalt make the robe of the ephod all of blue, etc. (Ex. 28:31-35)

1.  Blue speaks of Christs heavenly nature. (v. 31, John 3:31)

2.  Put on from above. (v. 32) As His seamless robe. (John 8:28)

3.  A golden bell and pomegranate—upon the hem.  Christs earthly walk of testimony and fruitfulness.

 

P.22  The consecration of Aaron and his sons to the priestly office. (Ex. 29:1-7)

1.  All symbolizes Christ and His own.  Consecrated wholly to His Fathers service. (John 6:38-39)


 

 

2.  A young bullock. (v. 1) Christ the patient, enduring servant, obedient unto death. (Phil. 2:7-8)

A.  In a bullock, natural force is set aside.  Gods work is not done by the force of nature, but by the supernatural. (John 3:6)

B.  It was young—Christ offered Himself in the fullness of youth. (Psalm 110:3-4)

3.  Rams. (v. 1, see Genesis 22:13) Caught by the horns.

A.  Jesus was willingly caught in a love unspeakable and unbreakable between God and man. B.  The whole RamThe surrender of His whole being to His Father.

4.  Unleavened bread. (v. 2) Leaven symbol of corrupt doctrine. (Matt. 16:6, 12) A.  No corruption found in Christ. (1 Cor. 5:7-8, Heb. 7:26)

5.  Anointed with oil, into his priestly office.  (v. 2)

A.  Oil is a symbol of the Holy Spirit. (Matt. 3:16, Psalm 133:1-2)

6.  Washed with water. (v. 4, see John 15:3)  Watersymbol of Word of God.

A.  Our Lord lived by the word of God (Psalm 119:9, 11, 133, 169, 172, John 8:26,

28, 38)

 

P. 23 And thou shalt cause a bullock to be brought, etc. (Ex. 29:10-25)

1.  Aaron and sons place hands upon the bullock. (v. 10, 11)

A.  Aaron was a sinner and could not in his own merit approach God. (Heb. 5:1-4)

B.  Christ Jesus our High Priest needed no sacrifice for Himself.  This is my beloved

Son in whom I am well pleased. (Matt. 3:17)

C.  Aarons sons joined him in placing hands on bullock.  Signifying for the believer

the words of Paul.  I am crucified with Christ. When our Lord died upon the cross He was not alone, God saw every regenerated person crucified with Him.

2.  His inward parts, etc. (v. 13)

A.  Jesus in His whole-hearted surrender to His Father for His great work of

redemption.  (Psalm 139:23-24, Matt. 26:42)

3.  Without the camp. (v. 14, compare Heb. 13:12-14)

4.  The whole ram burnt. (v. 16-18)

A.  Blood sprinkledWithout the shedding of blood there is no remission.

(Heb. 9:22)

B.  Whole ram burnt—Gods acceptance of all that Jesus did for us in His complete

sacrifice on Calvary. (Heb. 1:3, Eph. 1:19-20)

5.  The other ram. (v. 19-20)

A.  Right ear—A redeemed ear to hear only Gods voice. (Ex. 21:6) Our Lords ear was opened—To His Father’s voice. (Psalm 40:6-7)

B.  ThumbRedeemed hands for His service. (Ex. 4:2-4, Deut.16:16-17) Our Lords hands were devoted to His Father’s service.

C.  Right toeRedeemed to walk in holiness before Him as He walked. (Eph. 4:1-17, 5:2,8,15, 1 John 2:6, Gen. 17:1)

6.  Garments.  Blood sprinkled. (v. 21)

A.  The redeemed of the Lord should not be ashamed to bear constant testimony

before the world that they are bought with the precious blood of Christ. (1 Pet. 1:18-20, Rom. 1:16)

B.  An offense to the world. (Gal. 5:11, Gen. 4:8, 1 Cor. 4:9-16)


 

 

P. 24 And Aaron and his sons shall eat the flesh of the ram, etc. (Ex. 29:32-34)

1.  Christ the food of His redeemed. (John 6:33-35)

2.  Priests must stand to eat as there were no seats in the tabernacleBecause nothing was perfect or complete.  Only in Christ is all complete, therefore He sat down with His disciples. (Matt. 26:20, Heb. 1:3, Eph. 2:6, Heb. 7:19, Heb. 4:9-11)

 

P. 25 And thou shalt make an altar  to burn incense upon, etc. (Ex. 30:1-10)

1.  Shittim wood. (v. 1) His humanity. Gold. (v. 3) His Divine glory manifested.

(John 14:8-10)

2.  Altar of Incensesymbolic of our Lord in His intercessory work for us. (John 17)

3.  Altar of Incense is not mentioned until blood was shed.

A.  Seen by the Holy Spirit within the veil. (Heb. 9:4)

B.  It is only on the ground of His shed blood on Calvary that our Lord can intercede for us in Heaven. (Ex. 30:10, Heb. 9:24, 7:25, Rom. 8:34)

4.  The fragrance of incense filled the Holy place and the Holiest of all. (Lev. 16:13) A.  Fragrance of Christs intercessory work fills Heaven and the hearts of His

believing people. (John 17)

5.  Its positionA straight line between the mercy seat and the brazen altar. (Lev. 30:6)

A.  There is only one mediator between God and man. (1 Tim 2:5, Heb. 8:6)

B.  A Daysman. (Job 9:32-33, compare Job 19:23-27) There is a Daysman (mediator), Job

found Him.

C.  Our Lord does not intercede for the world, but for those whom His Father has

given Him out of the world. (John 17:9)

6.  It was a perpetual incense never to be extinguished. (v. 8)

A.  Christs intercession is perpetual, it changes not, it does not vary by our changing fancies, and our failures.  We change, He changes never. (Heb. 7:24-25, Heb. 13:8)

7.  Crown of Gold. (v. 3, 4)

A.  Crown Him with many crowns the Lamb upon the throne.  He is Priest and

King. (Heb. 7:17, compare Gen. 14:18)

8.  Once a year the horns were smeared with the blood of atonement from the brazen altar. (v. 10)

A.  Our Lords intercessory work for us in Heaven is by virtue of His precious blood shed on Calvary. (John 17:4)

B.  Had Christ not died for us and by that sacrifice met every claim of divine justice against us, He could not intercede for us.

9.  Height 2 cubits. The ark 1 cubits. Brazen altar 3 cubits.

A.  Everything in Gods plan for Heaven and earth exalts the work of Christ on

Calvary.  (Rev. 5:6-13, Rev. 21:22-23)

10. Staves. (v. 4-5) Pilgrims and sojourners.

A.  Gods people are pilgrims in a strange land. (Heb. 11:10, John 16:33)

11. Take unto thee sweet spicesof each shall there be a like weight. (Ex. 30:34-38)

A.  A like weightTruth in Christ is in perfect balance.

B.  Frankincensecomposition not recorded. That which only God sees in the

intercessory life of His beloved Son.

12. No strange incense. (Ex. 30:9)


 

 

A.  Fallen man dares to make worship a mere pleasure to gratify his natural senses. (John 4:23-24, 2 Tim 3:5)

B.  Christ alone must be the center and object of our devotion. (2 Cor. 10:4-5, Rev. 5:8, Eph. 5:19-20)

 

P. 26 And thou shalt take the atonement money of the children of Israel. (Ex. 30:11-16)

1.  When thou takest the sum. (v. 12)

A.  The most obscure and backward believer is precious in Gods sight.

2.  Rich and poor alike. (v. 15)

A.  One price redemption paid for all.

B.  At the cross there is neither rich nor poor. (Gal. 3:26-29) C.  God is not a respecter of persons.

D.  All Israel drank of the water from the smitten rock.

 

P. 27 Thou shalt also make a laver of brass. (Ex. 30:17-21)

1.  Symbolic of the Word of God.

A.  Made from mirrors used by women. (Ex. 38:8) B.  Mirror symbolic of Gods Word. (Jas. 1:23-24) C.  Mirror used to see flaws. (Psalm 119:9-10)

D.  Mirror speaks of self pride. Given up in exchange for Gods mirror. (1 Pet. 3:1-5)

2.  Aaron and his sons shall wash their hands and their feet. (v. 19, 20) A.  For cleansing. (John 15:3, Eph. 5:26-27)

B.  For cleansing before serving in holy things. (John 13:8-10)

C.  For daily cleansing—todays cleansing will not do for tomorrow. (Ex. 16:14-22)

D.  Cleanse hands for daily service, feet for daily walk. (v. 19)

3.  That they die not. (v. 20, John 13:8, 1 Cor. 9:27, 1 Cor. 11:30-31)

4.  At the brazen altar (the cross) we are saved from the penalty of sin.  At the laver (Gods

Word) we are saved day by day from the power of sin.

5.  Filled from above. (Psalm 68:11, 107:20, 119:89)

6.  Instruction to make the laver is not given until priests have been set apart by blood

sacrifice.

A.  The same is true of the altar of incense.

B.  Christ first journeyed from the throne to the cross.  Only those who have been to the cross may be cleansed by the Word.

The ark—Gods throne (John 1) Shewbread—Bread from Heaven (John 6)

CandlestickLight of the world (John 8 and 9)

Brazen Altar—Death and resurrection (John 10 and 11)

Our Lord leads His sheep from the cross to the throne. Brazen AltarThe Cross (John 12:23-31)

The Laver---The Word (John 13:2-10) Shewbread—Bread (John 15)

CandlestickLight (John 16)

Altar of IncenseIntercession (John 17)

The Ark—Gods throne (John 20:17-18)


 

 

P. 28 And thou shalt anoint the Tabernacle, etc. (Ex. 30:22-33)

1.  Oil is symbolic of the Holy Spirit.

2.  Related to Christ. (Isa. 11:2, Matt. 3:16)

3.  Related to believer. (John 7:37-39, Acts 1:8, Eph. 1:13-14, Rom. 8:9)

4.  Upon mans flesh shall it not be poured. (Rom. 8:5-10)

 

P. 29 The burnt offering. (Lev. 1:1-17)

1.  Sweet savor offering. (v. 9)

A.  In this aspect of Christs death God finds great delight.

B.  The burnt offering is that aspect of the death of Christ in which the Son offers

Himself in full devotion to His Father. (John 18:11)

2.  Without blemish. (v. 3, Heb. 9:14)

3.  Voluntary. (v. 3, Psalm 40:8, Heb. 10:7)

4.  His hand upon the head, etc. (v. 4)

A.  Substitution and identification. (Gal. 2:20)

B.  The very moment the sinner comes to the Savior, God sees that one in Christ,

and reckons to him or her all the virtues of Christ, as they were manifested in the burnt offering aspect of His death on Calvary.

5.  Shall kill the bullock. (v. 5)

A.  Full devotion does not stop short of death. How tragic if Christ had not gone all

the way.

6.  He shall flay the burnt offering. (v. 6)

A.  Christs suffering only serving to bring forth the glorious inner perfection of His person. (Matt. 4:1-10, Matt. 27:40, Luke 23:34)

7.  His inwards and his legs shalt he wash with water. (Psalm 51:6, Psalm 40:8, John 8:29)

8.  The priest shall burn all upon the altar. (v. 9) Gods complete acceptance of His Sons

death on Calvary as a willing obedient sacrifice. (Phil. 2:5-11)

 

P. 30 And there came a fire out from before the Lord, and consumed upon the altar  the burnt offering. (Lev. 9:24)

1.  And the sons of Aaron the priest shall put fire upon the altar. (Lev. 1:7)

A.  Lev. 1:7.  Mans part in the death of Christ. (John 19:15, Acts 2:23)

B.  Lev. 9:24.  Gods part in the death of His son. (Isa. 53:4-10, Acts 2:23)

2.  The fire shall ever be burning upon the altar. (Lev. 6:13)

A.  The cross shall never lose its power, now or throughout the ages to come. B.  We shall never cease to magnify the grace of God. (Eph. 2:7)

C.  We shall forever worship the Lamb upon the throne. (Rev. 5:13)

D.  Our song shall never cease, Unto Him that loved us and washed us from our

sins in His own blood. (Rev. 1:5-6, 5-13)

 

P. 31 And when any will offer a meal offering unto the Lord. (Lev. 2:1-16, Lev. 6:14-18)

1.  A sweet savor offering—composed of fine flour. (v. 1, 2)

A.  Christs nature in perfect balance.

B.  Christ was and is truth in perfect balance.

C.  Sweet savor—well pleasing to His Father.

2.    Pour oil upon it. (v. 1)


 

 

A.  He was anointed by the Holy Spirit to preach, etc. (Luke 4:17-21)

3.    Frankincense (v. 1) Composition unrecorded.

A.  The fragrance of life which God alone found in His beloved Son, and of which the greatest saint has no conception.

4.    Burnt upon the Altar. (v. 2)

A.  Christs full devotion in honoring His Father. (John 8:49)

5.    He shall take thereout his handful. (v. 2)

A.  Through His offering Himself as the burnt meal offering, Christ assured to us

His perfections, His likeness. (1 John 3:2, Phil. 3:20-21)

6.    No Leaven. (v. 11)

A.  No corruption in Him.

7.    No Honey. (v. 11)

A.  Natural sweetness, symbolic of that which is, attractive, appealing in nature.

B.  Quickly melts under fire, mere natural sweetness will not stand the test of Gods

judgment.

8.  Aaron and his sons shall eat in the holy place. (Lev. 6:16)

A.  In feeding upon Gods Word we should be careful to keep Gods truth in perfect balance.  A balanced diet is good.

 

P. 32  The peace offering. (Luke 3:1-17, Lev. 7:11-21)

1.  Christ our Peace.

A.  He made peace. (Col. 1:20)

B.  He proclaimed peace. (Eph. 2:17, Luke 2:14) C.  He is our peace. (Eph. 2:14)

D.  We have peace. (Rom. 5:1)

2.  He shall lay his hand upon the head of his offering. (v. 2)

A.  Both parties must be truly satisfied. (Rom. 5:1)

B.  There is no peace apart from Christ. (Isa. 57:20-21)

3.  Christ as the believers peace offering provides a peace which the world knows nothing about. (John 14:27)

A.  He provides peace with God. (Rom. 5:1)

B.  He provides the peace of God. (Phil. 4:5-7)

4.  The offerer ate the peace offering on the same day. (Lev. 7:15)

A.  Daily feeding upon Christ, our peace offering, gives the believer a moment by

moment inward peace. (Isa. 26:3)

B.  Laying on of hands signifies peace with God. (Rom. 5:1)

C.  Feeding upon peace offering signifies the peace of God. (John 16:33)

 

P. 33 The sin offering. (Lev. 4:1-35, Lev. 6:24-30)

1.  Christ as bearing the sinner’s guilt. (John 1:29, 1 Pet. 2:24, 2 Cor. 5:21)

2.  If a soul sin through ignorance. (v. 2)

A.  Man is a sinner whether he knows it or not. (Rom 3:23)

B.  Sin is deeper than mere outward actions. (Rom. 7:14-18, 24) C.  Sin is not only what a man does but what man is. (Jer. 17:9)

D.  Man does not become a sinner when he commits sin, he commits sin because he is a sinner. (Gal. 5:17-21, Mark 7:21-23)


 

 

E.  There are differenc